Parliament and the Army 1642–1904 by John Stuart Omond

By John Stuart Omond

J. S. Omond's research of 1933 records the traditionally complicated dating among Parliament and the military. offering an outline of the 260 years which elapsed from the outbreak of the English Civil warfare in 1642 until eventually the institution of the military Council in 1904, the booklet describes the stages by which the matter of political regulate of the military has handed. Omond attracts upon a wide selection of historic fabric together with biographies, memoirs, letters, parliamentary debates and newspaper articles in addressing how and why this dating has remained of important drawback because the reign of Charles I. An Epilogue takes account of occasions from 1904 to the book's book in 1933, and a chronological desk summarises the main old and political occasions.

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That is to say, it is a ministerial responsibility to introduce in the House of Commons all proposals involving the expenditure of public monies, and that no consideration will be given to it unless it is proposed by a member of the government. This system, which is still in force to-day, is unlike that followed in the United States, where any member of Congress can propose a grant or appropriation. Parliament had thus established a standing army, and secured for itself certain rights in regard to it, which had hitherto been definitely considered as among the royal OP 3 34 PARLIAMENT AND THE ARMY prerogatives or had occupied a vague and uncertain position between the Sovereign and Parliament.

It was cheaper for us to fight at sea. Military as opposed to naval adventures would lead to increased taxation, and commerce would be hampered. The general lack of education, the absence of newspapers, the slowness of communications, and the insularity of a people cut off from the rest of Europe by the sea produced a natural desire to stand aloof as much as possible from quarrels in which the nation's interests were not clearly apparent. Members of the commercial community supported whichever party advocated the pohcy which they looked upon as most likely to bring profit to the country.

It was not summoned again during his reign. From that time onwards, the sequence of events marched rapidly towards the inevitable conclusion in a country which was determined not to submit to an armed tyranny. Some thirteen thousand to sixteen thousand soldiers were quartered at the camp at Hounslow in the hope that they would overawe London. Efforts made by the King to get the officers and men to promise to secure the repeal of the Test Act met with little or no support. In Ireland, the King's Deputy, Tyrconnel, was allowed to expel Protestant officers and men from the army to make room for Roman Catholics, and no Protestants were allowed to enlist.

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